Along came a spider...

7.1. Third Party Beneficiaries

7.1.1. Introduction

7.PECL.1. Article 6:110
7.G.2. §328 BGB

7.1.2. Party Beneficiaries: The Position in General

7.F.3. Article 1121 Code civil
7.E.4. House of Lords, Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co Ltd v Selfridge &Co Ltd. the tyre retailer
7.E.5. Court of Appeal, Darlington Borough Council v Wiltshier Northern Ltd. darlington recreational centre

7.1.3. The Basis of Third Party Claims

7.G.6. BGH, 28 June 1979. isolar glass
7.F.7. Cass civ 3e, 4 February 1986. selling bread
7.F.8. Cass civ 2e, 17 December 1954. contaminated blood
7.E.9. Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, s 1
7.PECL.10. Article 6:110(1)
7.F.11. Paris, 18 June 1957. the "double de Genève"
7.G.12. BGH, 26 November 1986. tax consultant's "rosy view"
7.E.13. House of Lords, Smith v Bush. negligent building society survey
7.G.14. BGH, 11 January 1977. carelessly drafted divorce settlement
7.E.15. House of Lords, White v Jones. will not drawn up in time
7.F.16. Cass civ 1re, 21 November 1978. the Carrefour takings

7.1.4. Exemption Clauses for the Benefit of Third Parties

7.G.17. BGH, 7 December 1961. the patrolman and the stove
7.NL.18. Article 6:257 BW
7.E.19. House of Lords, Scruttons Ltd v Midland Silicones Ltd. stevedores and the drum of chemicals
7.E.20. Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, s 1(6)

7.1.5. Modification and Rescission 909

7.PECL.21. Article 2:115(3)
7.E.22. Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, s 2

7.1.6. Defences Available to the Promisor

7.E.23. Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, s 3

7.1.7. Remedies Available to the Promisee

7.E.24. Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, s 4

7.2. Agency

7.2.1. Introduction

7.2.2. Disclosed Agency

7.PECL.29. Article 3:102
7.G.30. §383 HGB
7.INT.31. Article 12 Geneva Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
7.CH.32. Swiss Federal Court, 19 December 1934. in the name of a group of banks
7.E.33. House of Lords, Universal Steam Navigation Co Ltd v James McKelvie & Co. the Ariadne Irene
7.F.34. Cour d'appel, Lyon, 6 December 1985. supplies of paper
7.G.35. BGH, 16 April 1957. simber sold by non-owner

7.2.3. Undisclosed Agency

7.INT.36. Article 13 Geneva Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
7.E.37. King's Bench, Said v Butt. the unwelcome theatre critic
7.INT.38. Article 13 Geneva Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
7.E.39. Court of Appeal, Irvine v Watson. agent paid by principal
7.INT.40. Article 13(2)(b) Geneva Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
7.NL.41. Article 7:412 BW
7.PECL.42. Articles 3:301-3:304

7.2.4. Agent acting Ultra Vires

7.2.4.A. Apparent Authority

7.NL.43. Article 3:61(2) BW
7.INT.44. Article 14 Geneva Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
7.E.45. Court of Appeal, Freeman & Lockyer v Buckhurst Park Properties (Mangal) Ltd. acting as managing director
7.F.46. Cass. Assemblée plénière, 13 December 1962. two signatures required

7.2.4.B. Ratification

7.INT.47. Article 15 Geneva Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
7.PECL.48. Article 3:207
7.E.49. House of Lords, Keighley, Maxstead & Co v Durant. ratification by undisclosed principal

7.2.4.C. Termination of Authority

7.PECL.50. Article 3:209
7.G.51. §170 BGB

7.2.4.D. Liability of Agent

7.3. Assignment

7.3.1. Introduction

7.3.2. Validity of Assignment

7.3.2.A. Formal Requirements

7.3.2.B. Substantive Requirements

7.E.62. Chancery Division, Griffith v Tower Publishing Co Ltd and Moncrieff. assignment by publishing company
7.E.63. King's Bench, Peters v General Accident & Life Assurance Corp Ltd. motor policy assigned to car buyer
7.E.64. House of Lords, Tailby v Official Receiver. assignment of book debts
7.G.65. BGH, 25 October 1952. the master plumber's debts
7.E.66. Helstan Securities Ltd v Hertfordshire County Council. prohibition on assignment
7.G.67. §354a HGB

7.3.3. Protection of the Debtor

7.E.68 Court of Appeal, James Talcott Ltd v John Lewis & Co Ltd and North American Dress Co Ltd. ambiguous notice
7.G.69. Reichsgericht, 11 November 1913. termination of building contract after date of assignment: Germany
7.F.70. Cass com, 9 February 1993. termination of building contract after date of assignment: France
7.G.71. BGH, 18 October 1972. of tools assigned
7.F.72. Article 6 Loi Dailly (Law of 2 January 1981)
7.F.73. Cass com, 3 December 1991. acceptance under Loi Dailly
7.EC.74. Council Directive of 22 December 1986 for the approximation of the laws . . . concerning consumer credit